Thursday, June 4, 2009

Boat's Capacity

As a boat operator you should never take a boat on the water with too many people or too much gear on board. Boats loaded beyond their capacity can swamp or capsize and are harder to control.

Maximum Capacity Plate
The federal law requires capacity plates only on boats less than 20 feet in length, the National Marine Manufacturers Association (NMMA) requires a capacity plate on all boats less than 26 feet in order to be certified by NMMA.

Look for a capacity plate near the operator's position or on the transom of the boat. This plate will tell you the maximum weight capacity and the maximum number of people that the boat can carry safely in good weather. You should not exceed either the stated maximum weight capacity or the maximum number of people.

Maximum weight is the combined weight of passengers, gear, and motors.

In most states, it is a violation to exceed capacity.

Federal law requires single-hull boats less than 20 feet in length to have a capacity plate. (However, PWC and sailboat manufacturers are not required to attach a capacity plate.) Always follow the recommended capacity found in the owner's manual and on the manufacturer's warning decal. Don't exceed these capacity recommendations.

On vessels with no capacity plate, use the following rule of thumb to calculate the number of persons (weighing 150 lbs. each, on average) the vessel can carry safely in good weather conditions.

Number of people = Vessel Length (ft) x Vessel Width (ft) divided by 15

Here is a example, for a vessel 18 feet long by 6 feet wide, the number of persons is 18 times 6 (or 108) divided by 15, which equals seven 150-lb. persons (or a total person weight of 7 x 150, or 1050 lbs.).

On outboard boats, the capacity plate also will display the recommended maximum horsepower rating of the boat. Your boat's motor should not exceed this rating.